MAHARISHI DAYANAND ON NATIONAL DEFENCE

ओ3म्

राष्ट्र रक्षा में महर्षि दयानंद

ब्रिगेडियर चितरंजन सावंत, वी एस एम

एक समाज सुधारक संन्यासी स्वदेश सुरक्षा के बारे में चिंतन करें, और अपने विचारो को अपनी पुस्तक सत्यार्थ प्रकाश में लिपिबद्ध करें, यह बात रक्षा विशेषज्ञों के गले नहीं उतरती। किंतु दयानंद सरस्वती के विचारों को पढने के बाद संशय के बादल छटनें लगते हैं और ज्ञानरूपी सूर्य से अज्ञान का अंधेरा दूर हो जाता है।

उस महान पुस्तक का छठा समुल्लास स्वदेश सुरक्षा के सूक्तो से सैनिक और असैनिक का समान रूप से ज्ञान वर्धन करता है। यू तो यह अध्याय राज धर्म से संबंधित है किंतु हम यह कह सकते हैं कि स्वराष्ट्र सुरक्षा राष्ट्र सचालन का और राज धर्म का अभिन्न अंग है।

यह कहना उचित होगा कि स्वदेश सुरक्षा, स्वराष्ट्र के जन जन का धर्म है और इस महान दायित्व का वहन नर और नारी को समान रूप से आजीवन करना है। अपने जीवन यापन में हम किसी भी व्यवसाय से क्यों न जुड़े हों, व्यवसाय की खातिर राष्ट्र रक्षा के दायित्व से विमुख होना आत्म हत्या करने के समान होगा।

आम आदमी की भूमिका

इतिहास साक्षी है कि अनेक युगो में राष्ट्र रक्षा के महान कार्य में आम आदमी नें बहुत ही कम रूचि ली। मध्य युग से भारत में अंग्रेजो के शासन काल तक विदेशी आक्रमण कारी लगातार आते रहे, तत्कालीन सीमा वर्ती छोटे छोटे राजा उनसे अपने स्तर पर जूझते रहे किंतु सामान्य जन युद्ध की गतिविधियों से विरक्त रहे। वे अपना अपना व्यवसाय चलाते रहे और उन्होने सामाजिक और आर्थिक स्तर पर विदेशी सेनाओ का विरोध नहीं किया। रणभूमि में विदेशी आक्रमणकारियों से क्षत्रिय वर्ग जूझता रहा, युद्ध होते रहे किंतु किसान अपना खेत जोतता रहा, बनिया तराज़ू तोलता रहा, विद्यार्थी पुस्तक पढ़ता रहा और शिक्षक पढ़ाते रहे और केवल राजाओं के वेतन भोगी सैनिक विदेशियों के नए हथियारो का अपनी पुरानी शैली से सामना करते रहे, हारते रहे और राजा सत्ता खोता रहा।

कुछ ही घंटो के युद्ध में देश के शासन की बागडोर भारतीयों के हाथ से निकल कर विदेशियों के हाथों में जाती रही।

पृथवीराज चौहान मौहम्मद गौरी की सेनाओं की प्रतीक्षा दिल्ली के निकट तराईन के मैदान में करता रहा, उसने पंजाब की ओर आगे बढ़ कर स्थानीय लोगो के सहयोग से विदेशी आक्रमणकारी के कुछ अंगो पर घात लगाकर हमला नहीं किया। देश के अन्य राजाओं का सहयोग भी नहीं प्राप्त किया। अनेक व्यवसायों में लगे भारतवासियों को शस्त्र की शिक्षा देकर रणभूमि में नही उतारा।

कोउ नृप होय हमें का हानि – इस नीति नें विनाश कारी परिणाम हमारे सामने रख दिए। पृथवीराज चौहान की हार ने हमारे धर्म पर, संस्कृति और मनोबल पर ऐसा कुठाराघात किया कि आहत भारत को स्वस्थ होकर रणभूमि में विदेशियो से दो दो हाथ करने में कई शताब्दियां बीत गई।

स्वामी दयानंद सरस्वति ने निर्बल शरीर की नब्ज़ पर हाथ रख कर यह जाना और पहचाना कि जब तक संपूर्ण देश एकजुट होकर विदेशियों का मुकाबला नहीं करेगा तब तक हमारी हार होती रहेगी। स्वदेश सुरक्षा का भार केवल क्षत्रियों के कंधो पर नहीं रखा जा सकता। यदि ब्राह्मण केवल पूजा पाठ में तल्लीन रहेंगे, वैश्य केवल व्यवसाय के लाभांश पर ही ध्यान केंद्रित करेंगे और शत्रु को पराजित करने के लिए शूद्रो को भी शस्त्र संचालन की शिक्षा नही देंगे तो रण भूमि में पराजय अवश्य होगी।

जन जन देश का रक्षक है। जन जन सैनिक है। जन जन को शस्त्र संचालन आना चाहिए। और सभी जन नायकों को सेना नायको के समान रणनीति की शिक्षा लेनी चाहिए।

यह पहली बार ऐसा हुआ कि स्वामी दयानंद सरस्वती जैसे संन्यासी नें दुखती हुई रग को पहचाना और इस निर्बलता को सबलता में बदलने के लिए सक्रीय कदम उठाए।

शस्त्र और शास्त्र दोनो की ही शिक्षा महत्वपूर्ण है और इस पर समान रूप से बल दिया जाना चाहिए। स्वामी दयानंद ने यह स्पष्ट रूप से लिखा कि सेना नायक को बहुत ही शांत मन से, बिना क्रोध के, रणभूमि की स्थिति का आंकलन करना चाहिए और शत्रु को हराने के लिए रणनीति बनानी चाहिए।

यदि शत्रु शक्तिशाली है और हम निर्बल हैं तो हमें हमें रणभूमि से खरगोष अर्थात ससा के समान दूर जाकर उस अवसर की प्रतीक्षा करनी चाहिए जब सैन्य शक्ति का संचय कर के हम शत्रु से अधिक शक्तिशाली बन कर उस पर हमला कर सकें।

छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज ने इसी रणनीति का पालन किया और मुगलों को तथा आदिलशाही राज्यो की सेनाओं को अलग अगल पराजित किया।

पराजय से विजय

हमें कभी भी पराजय से भयभीत नहीं होना है। और अवसर की ताक में सदैव रहना चाहिए। स्वामी दयानंद ने वन्य पशु चीता का उदाहरण दिया। चीता दबे पांव आगे बढ़ता है और अवसर मिलते ही छलांग लगाकर शिकार करता है। रणभूमि में भी हमें अवसर की ताक में रहना है। अवसर का लाभ उठा कर शत्रु को पराजित कीजिए। विजय पाने के लिए मनोबल का प्रमुख स्थान है. यदि हम अपने मनोबल को धर्म के आधार पर ऊंचा उठाते रहें तो शत्रु को पराजित करने में सुविधा होगी। मनुस्मृतिं के आधार पर स्वामी दयानंद ने लिखा कि पराजित शत्रु की महिलाओं का निरदर कभी नहीं करना चाहिए और कभी भी उनका शोषण नहीं करना चाहिए। यदि पराजित शत्रु की महिलाओ और बच्चो की देखभाल हमारी विजयी सेना करती है तो हमारा मनोबल ऊंचा होता है और शत्रु हथियार डालने को तैयार रहता है।

कहते हैं कि सेना सेना पेट के बल आगे बढ़ती है अर्थात सैनिक का भरण पोषण सेना नायक और राजा भलिभांति करते हैं तो वह सेना शत्रु को पराजित करनें में सफल होती है । मनुस्मृति के अनेक श्लोको से शिक्षा लेते हुए हमें अपनी सेना को सबल बनाते रहना चाहिए और शत्रु को पराजित करने में कोई कसर नहीं छोड़नी चाहिए।

ब्रिगेडियर चिंतरंजन सावंत

aumchitranjansawant@gmail.com

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ARE YOU LONESOME

AUM
LONESOME IN LIFE
By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM
“Are you lonesome tonight” sang Frank Sinatra in 1956 and listeners loved the song. Elvis Presley followed suit in 1969 and was a hit wherever he sang. Although the evergreen song was written in 1926 by Roy Turk but it reached every nook and corner of the English speaking world when Frank Sinatra rendered it in his golden voice three decades later. Since then it is being sung by men and women who are lonesome both by day and night. Every human being feels lonely sometime or the other in life and some souls are perpetually lonesome. If a human being has the feeling of loneliness as long as he or she breathes, the lonely individual needs help from fellow human beings to survive in this world.
One should cultivate friendship with fellow human beings. Friendship is like food which one must have to keep going in life. Humans need friends to survive. Social interaction helps in living a healthy life. Health is the bedrock of Happiness. Thus one must move around in the company of human beings to live a healthy and happy life. Health and Happiness are sine qua non of longevity. Thus these human needs are so inter-dependant that forsaking one may mean collapse of one’s life like a house of cards.
Meeting men and women to make friends is indeed a social need. A human being must have friends to survive. A failure to cultivate friendship will leave a void in life. This unmet social need may cause problems of health – physical, mental and spiritual. A recurring problem of unfulfilled social need like friendship may render life unlivable and bring it to an unpleasant premature end. An individual who wishes to live a successful long life has no other option but to lead a social life where exists no chasm. Loneliness has to be kept at bay.
When an individual fails to lead a healthy social life, he may transfer the cause of loneliness from self to society. If a lonely man blames the social set up around and not a failure of self to be a part of the social set up, there is every chance that he or she may develop anti-social behavior. Sliding into delinquency is just a step away. It will indeed be an unpleasant experience to have a brush with law and step in and out of incarceration.
Loneliness may cause depression. The very thought of an individual that no one loves him or her leads to a dangerous depression resulting in suicidal tendency. Among various reasons of an individual entertaining the idea of taking his own life is indeed loneliness leading to deep depression. A mentally weak person may find solace in drinking alcohol leading to alcoholism that may bring life to a premature end. The gloomy situation has a savior in social interaction that drives loneliness away. One should never nurture loneliness and term it as revenge against the existing social order for some actual or imagined wrong done to him in distant past. Nursing the feeling of Revenge with wine may lead to homicide and ultimately to gallows. One must not mix up a feeling of imagined hurt with alcohol because this deadly cocktail ends up with death and destruction.
SPIRITUALISM
Spiritualism is an antidote to Loneliness. One who longs for a nearness to the Almighty Ishwar will make an endeavour to be near Him in word and deed. An achievement in the realm of Spiritualism will never let a human being live with loneliness. Spiritualism and Lonesome Life cannot cohabit. Spiritualism will invariably drive loneliness away. What a magic potion it is!. Fine but please do not equate it with magic. A spiritualist will keep magic far away from him. Just court spiritualism to drive away whatever is harmful to life.
Pray, how do we go about living a spiritual life? Please keep Clean in Thought and Action. Entertain no evil thoughts, evil action will not be generated. One should cleanse one’s body and mind to lead a spiritual life. A relevant Veda Mantra runs thus:
AUM VISHWANI DEV SAVITURDURITANI PARASUVA
YAD BHADRAM TANN AASUV.
The mantra means in brief: BANISH THE EVIL, IMBIBE THE NOBLE.
One should keep it as a guiding principle, a beacon light to sail over uncharted sea and not become lonesome ever. A cleansed individual will attract the company of other human beings so that they develop mutual respect, repudiate selfishness and generate joy. Birds of a feather flock together, so goes an old adage. When cleansed men and women get together to exchange spiritual experiences, how can anyone there be a lonely man or woman. The joy generated by the get together of spiritualists will not let evil of loneliness creep in.
Insomnia is another bye product of loneliness. A sleep disorder does not let an individual’s personality grow. If the quality of sleep is reduced, it may lead to a reduction of quantity of sleep. The two reductions may cause havoc with a person’s life. Lack of proper sleep will not let an individual lead a full life where excellence is needed. Never mind a repetition in saying that Man is a social being and not an island. A human being cannot live alone. Deprivation of interaction with good men and women will entail an irreparable loss of quality in life. It may cause deterioration in every field of life.
CREATURE COMFORTS
A man is made of flesh and blood. So, cater to the requirements of your body too. A man or a woman is what he or she eats. Paying attention to the intake of quality and quantity of food intake will have a bearing on the man’s thought and action. A guideline given by Vedic sages of yore is as good today as it was many millennia ago. The VAIDYA RAJ said:Hitbhook, Mitbhook, Ritbhook. It means that one should consume whatever is of use to the body, eat in moderate quantity and eat food that has been bought with money earned by sweat of the brow honestly. It needs no underlining that if this principle is observed in letter and spirit, one will never go wrong. One may be reminded of the fact that alcoholic drinks are forbidden to those who wish to excel physically, mentally and spiritually.
Love plays a major role in a man’s life. One needs a partner of the opposite sex for cuddling with healthy sex thrown in. Of course, it needs no emphasizing that creature comfort has to be attended to a controlled manner and measure. Excess of everything is bad and the good old saying is applicable here too.
Prayer plays a role in keeping loneliness away. Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati, the great religious and social reformer of the 19th century Bharat prescribed recitation of Veda Mantra in Sandhya twice a day- morning at daybreak and evening when the day has not departed and night is yet to set in. It is the meeting point of day and night when an Arya concentrates on the Vedic Sandhya. The Veda mantras do not let the devout Arya be lonesome because the devotee is in communion with Ishwar.
Recitation of Vedic Hymns let the devotee be in company with the giver of the hymns, that is God Almighty right at the beginning of human creation. How can one be lonely when he is being benefitted by the divine knowledge, the Vedas.
INTEGRATE WITH ENVIRONMENT
The Vedic Trinity talks of Parmatma or God, the Jeevatma or soul and Prakriti or the Matter. The mundane world around is Prakriti or made by God with Matter. With a view to being healthy and happy an individual should gel with Nature too. When we green the area around as our Dharma or sacred duty, we live with trees, foliage, shrubs, saplings etc. Man becomes healthy and happy when he is in the midst of Nature. He does not feel lonely. What better company can a Man have than Nature in its pristine glory. The freshness of the leaves and their rustling with the breeze makes a man there happy. Man is in good company when he along with his family is in the midst of his self grown garden. A good garden generates happiness for man that is beyond description.
Companionship with Nature means company par excellence. The trees give us a lot but never demand anything in return. Man has invested in them enough right from the stage of germination of seeds, transplanting of saplings, nurturing saplings with good earth, manure and water, not forgetting wind and the grown up trees give in return much more than what man had invested in sowing seeds. What you sow, so must you reap is the ancient saying that helps us in every age.
When a Man is in the company of Nature, the Man is never lonely. The question “ Are you Lonesome Tonight” has already been answered. Man who lives by the Vedic tenets will never be lonely; he will always be in the company of Divine Knowledge – the VEDAS.
Email : aumchitranjansawant@gmail.com Mobile: 9811173590A

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MILITARY LEADERSHIP IN INDIAN CAVALRY

AUM
HAIFA CAVALRY CHARGE 99 YEARS AGO
By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM
A unique phenomenon indeed in the annals of military campaigns in India and abroad when Indian cavalry officered by Indians only won laurels against a combined force of Turks, Germans and Austrians and paved the way for founding of a Jewish State, Israel.
That historical cavalry charge was led by Jodhpur Lancers, ably commanded by Major Dalpat Singh who was killed in action and was acclaimed with awards of Hero of Haifa and Military Cross. They were ably supported by Mysore Lancers defending the flanks and making a detour to attack Turks and Germans from the rear. They turned the tide and sounded the death knell of the Ottoman Turk Empire of Turkey.
The Jodhpur Lancers comprised Hindu Rajputs, sowars and officers,and even the commanding general of all British forces in Egypt and the Middle-East, General Edmund Allenby marveled at their military feat. In an era of Sandhurst trained British officers ruling the roost in the entire British Empire where Sun never set, the Rajput officers of Jodhpur proved in battle in a foreign country that they were second to none. Armed with only lances and swords they defeated a better armed enemy who possessed machine guns and field artillery and made military historians record their amazing cavalry charge at Haifa.
The equestrian skill, field tactics and Courage made sowars and officers of Jodhpur Lancers unique. They also saved Abdul Baha, son of Bahai faith from being crucified by Jamal Pasha, commander of Turkish forces in Syria and Palestine. The Bahais feel indebted to Jodhpur Lancers for decimating Turks and liberating their spiritual leader.
Both Jodhpur Lancers and Mysore Lancers always had Will to Win and that indeed made the difference when the opposing forces engaged in a life and death struggle where only one Force was the winner – the Jodhpur Lancers who had perfect coordination with Mysore Lancers. The latter was as brave as the former and distinguished themselves by making the supreme sacrifice of their officers and sowars. When we take a look at the tally of battle casualties we find that both the cavalry units never shied from engaging a determined enemy from the front.
The three Lancers – Jodhpur, Mysore and Hyderabad, are immortalized by the famous Teen Murti – statues of three Indian cavalry sawars of Haifa fame –standing in a triangle right in front of the Teen Murti Bhawan, New Delhi. The palatial building is glorified as residences of the British Commanders-in-Chief in the British India and of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in the post independence period.
A pertinent question arises – Jodhpur Lancers and Mysore Lancers killed some of the enemy forces, took some as prisoners and forced them beat a hasty retreat thus paving the way for fall of the Ottoman empire and founding of Israel but what about the third sowar of the teen murti? Well, the third cavalryman represents the Hyderabad Lancers who were kept as the Reserve Force when the ferocious battle was joined. Indeed a few of their colleagues also were placed in-charge of Turk and German prisoners of war ro protect them from wanton attacks by local civilian population and also escort them safely to the appointed PoW camp. Nevertheless, the Hyderabad Lancers were full -fledged fighters of the glorious Trio of the Indian cavalrymen.
The battle of Haifa began on 23rd September 1918 at about 2 P.M. The Jodhpur Lancers entered the field from the South. In their support the Mysore Lancers made a detour and made a surprise entrance into field from the East and the North. The Turk soldiers were tough and battle hardened. They were given covering fire by the German machine gunners. The Austrian soldiers had manned the Field Guns of the Artillery. It may be mentioned that the Ottoman Turkish Empire and the Germans were friends and Allies in World War One.
One detachment of Jodhpur Lancers attacked the Austrian battery at the gallop using only lances as weapons to kill and maim. The Austrians were indeed better armed but taken by complete surprise because Jodhpur Lancers had climbed the steep slope of Mount Carmel that was supposed to be a next to impossible act. With the result the Rajput cavalrymen captured guns before they could be loaded and fired. They also took prisoners of the bewildered Austrians.
A combined mass of horse flesh and steel descended ferociously on the Germans when a combined cavalry of Jodhpur Lancers and Mysore Lancers attacked the main machine gun position from behind. They routed the demoralized enemy, captured two Machine Guns, two camel guns and took 30 prisoners of war. The road to Haifa was opened and both the Lancers charged into the town.
Both the Turks and the Germans were so perplexed and demoralized that they lost the Will to engage the Indian cavalry, armed with only swords and lances, into a serious battle. Their do or die spirit had deserted them. The Indian Cavalrymen took 1350 Germans and Turks as prisoners. Many pieces of their Artillery and Machine Guns were captured too. The battle of Haifa was all but over
It would be in the fitness of things to make a mention of the battle casualties on the Indian Cavalry side. The Commanding Officer of Jodhpur Lancers Major Dalpat Singh became a martyr fighting against the enemy. He was awarded the title Haifa Hero and decorated with Military Cross for gallantry. Of course, along with the Commanding Officer 80 cavalrymen and 60 horses too made the supreme sacrifice.
Mysore Lancers have more recorded casualties than other Indian cavalry units and this fact has not yet been clarified what the reasons were. They made the supreme sacrifice in the line of duty and we bow to them in reverence. Two officers – A Lingraj Urs and Meer Ashroff Alli were mentioned as Killed in action but their ranks are not given. The Mysore Lancers sowars, mostly Hindu Marathas are also mentioned as killed in action. Their number tallies to fifteen.
Let us revert to Jodhpur Lancers. Post demise of Major Dalpat Singh in action, the brave man who succeeded is named as Aman Singh. He was awarded Indian Order of Merit. Dafadar Jor Singh too was decorated with Indian Order of Merit.
Captain Anop Singh and Second Lieutenant Sagat Singh were decorated with Military Cross for gallantry.
It is indeed creditable for the members of the extended family of Officiating Commanding Officer Aman Singh that they remembered him fondly and raised a memorial to the Indian Cavalrymen at Haifa in 2010. Many members of the brave fraternity assemble at Haifa on 23rd September every year and celebrate with enthusiasm HAIFA VIJAY DIVAS.
Email : aumchitranjansawant@gmail.com Mob. 9811173590

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LONESOME IN LIFE

AUM
LONESOME IN LIFE
By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM
“Are you lonesome tonight” sang Frank Sinatra in 1956 and listeners loved the song. Elvis Presley followed suit in 1969 and was a hit wherever he sang. Although the evergreen song was written in 1926 by Roy Turk but it reached every nook and corner of the English speaking world when Frank Sinatra rendered it in his golden voice three decades later. Since then it is being sung by men and women who are lonesome both by day and night. Every human being feels lonely sometime or the other in life and some souls are perpetually lonesome. If a human being has the feeling of loneliness as long as he or she breathes, the lonely individual needs help from fellow human beings to survive in this world.
One should cultivate friendship with fellow human beings. Friendship is like food which one must have to keep going in life. Humans need friends to survive. Social interaction helps in living a healthy life. Health is the bedrock of Happiness. Thus one must move around in the company of human beings to live a healthy and happy life. Health and Happiness are sine qua non of longevity. Thus these human needs are so inter-dependant that forsaking one may mean collapse of one’s life like a house of cards.
Meeting men and women to make friends is indeed a social need. A human being must have friends to survive. A failure to cultivate friendship will leave a void in life. This unmet social need may cause problems of health – physical, mental and spiritual. A recurring problem of unfulfilled social need like friendship may render life unlivable and bring it to an unpleasant premature end. An individual who wishes to live a successful long life has no other option but to lead a social life where exists no chasm. Loneliness has to be kept at bay.
When an individual fails to lead a healthy social life, he may transfer the cause of loneliness from self to society. If a lonely man blames the social set up around and not a failure of self to be a part of the social set up, there is every chance that he or she may develop anti-social behavior. Sliding into delinquency is just a step away. It will indeed be an unpleasant experience to have a brush with law and step in and out of incarceration.
Loneliness may cause depression. The very thought of an individual that no one loves him or her leads to a dangerous depression resulting in suicidal tendency. Among various reasons of an individual entertaining the idea of taking his own life is indeed loneliness leading to deep depression. A mentally weak person may find solace in drinking alcohol leading to alcoholism that may bring life to a premature end. The gloomy situation has a savior in social interaction that drives loneliness away. One should never nurture loneliness and term it as revenge against the existing social order for some actual or imagined wrong done to him in distant past. Nursing the feeling of Revenge with wine may lead to homicide and ultimately to gallows. One must not mix up a feeling of imagined hurt with alcohol because this deadly cocktail ends up with death and destruction.
SPIRITUALISM
Spiritualism is an antidote to Loneliness. One who longs for a nearness to the Almighty Ishwar will make an endeavour to be near Him in word and deed. An achievement in the realm of Spiritualism will never let a human being live with loneliness. Spiritualism and Lonesome Life cannot cohabit. Spiritualism will invariably drive loneliness away. What a magic potion it is!. Fine but please do not equate it with magic. A spiritualist will keep magic far away from him. Just court spiritualism to drive away whatever is harmful to life.
Pray, how do we go about living a spiritual life? Please keep Clean in Thought and Action. Entertain no evil thoughts, evil action will not be generated. One should cleanse one’s body and mind to lead a spiritual life. A relevant Veda Mantra runs thus:
AUM VISHWANI DEV SAVITURDURITANI PARASUVA
YAD BHADRAM TANN AASUV.
The mantra means in brief: BANISH THE EVIL, IMBIBE THE NOBLE.
One should keep it as a guiding principle, a beacon light to sail over uncharted sea and not become lonesome ever. A cleansed individual will attract the company of other human beings so that they develop mutual respect, repudiate selfishness and generate joy. Birds of a feather flock together, so goes an old adage. When cleansed men and women get together to exchange spiritual experiences, how can anyone there be a lonely man or woman. The joy generated by the get together of spiritualists will not let evil of loneliness creep in.
Insomnia is another bye product of loneliness. A sleep disorder does not let an individual’s personality grow. If the quality of sleep is reduced, it may lead to a reduction of quantity of sleep. The two reductions may cause havoc with a person’s life. Lack of proper sleep will not let an individual lead a full life where excellence is needed. Never mind a repetition in saying that Man is a social being and not an island. A human being cannot live alone. Deprivation of interaction with good men and women will entail an irreparable loss of quality in life. It may cause deterioration in every field of life.
CREATURE COMFORTS
A man is made of flesh and blood. So, cater to the requirements of your body too. A man or a woman is what he or she eats. Paying attention to the intake of quality and quantity of food intake will have a bearing on the man’s thought and action. A guideline given by Vedic sages of yore is as good today as it was many millennia ago. The VAIDYA RAJ said: Hitbhook, Mitbhook, Ritbhook. It means that one should consume whatever is of use to the body, eat in moderate quantity and eat food that has been bought with money earned by sweat of the brow honestly. It needs no underlining that if this principle is observed in letter and spirit, one will never go wrong. One may be reminded of the fact that alcoholic drinks are forbidden to those who wish to excel physically, mentally and spiritually.
Love plays a major role in a man’s life. One needs a partner of the opposite sex for cuddling with healthy sex thrown in. Of course, it needs no emphasizing that creature comfort has to be attended to a controlled manner and measure. Excess of everything is bad and the good old saying is applicable here too.
Prayer plays a role in keeping loneliness away. Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati, the great religious and social reformer of the 19th century Bharat prescribed recitation of Veda Mantra in Sandhya twice a day- morning at daybreak and evening when the day has not departed and night is yet to set in. It is the meeting point of day and night when an Arya concentrates on the Vedic Sandhya. The Veda mantras do not let the devout Arya be lonesome because the devotee is in communion with Ishwar.
Recitation of Vedic Hymns let the devotee be in company with the giver of the hymns, that is God Almighty right at the beginning of human creation. How can one be lonely when he is being benefitted by the divine knowledge, the Vedas.
INTEGRATE WITH ENVIRONMENT
The Vedic Trinity talks of Parmatma or God, the Jeevatma or soul and Prakriti or the Matter. The mundane world around is Prakriti or made by God with Matter. With a view to being healthy and happy an individual should gel with Nature too. When we green the area around as our Dharma or sacred duty, we live with trees, foliage, shrubs, saplings etc. Man becomes healthy and happy when he is in the midst of Nature. He does not feel lonely. What better company can a Man have than Nature in its pristine glory. The freshness of the leaves and their rustling with the breeze makes a man there happy. Man is in good company when he along with his family is in the midst of his self grown garden. A good garden generates happiness for man that is beyond description.
Companionship with Nature means company par excellence. The trees give us a lot but never demand anything in return. Man has invested in them enough right from the stage of germination of seeds, transplanting of saplings, nurturing saplings with good earth, manure and water, not forgetting wind and the grown up trees give in return much more than what man had invested in sowing seeds. What you sow, so must you reap is the ancient saying that helps us in every age.
When a Man is in the company of Nature, the Man is never lonely. The question “ Are you Lonesome Tonight” has already been answered. Man who lives by the Vedic tenets will never be lonely; he will always be in the company of Divine Knowledge – the VEDAS.
Email : aumchitranjansawant@gmail.com Mobile: 9811173590A

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TIPU A JIHADI NEVER A PATRIOT

AUM
TIPU SULTAN A SPLIT PERSONALITY
By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant, VSM
Was Tipu Sultan, Rajah of Mysore a patriotic warrior who loved Hindustan more than his own life and limbs? Or was he a Middle Age Islamist Jehadi whose actions and omissions were guided by his supposed zeal to convert Hindus, Christians and others of his principality to Islam and found a kingdom named Sultanat-e-Khudadad? This has been a hot topic of debate among historians, intellectuals and now politicians since he ascended the throne of Mysore at the age of 32 years in 1782.
Taking a close look at the events of his life wherein he was the principal player, one cannot but arrive at the conclusion that Tipu suffered from schizophrenia. Many a time he was unable to bring in cohesion between his thought and action. He often showed a tendency of withdrawal from reality on account of his failure to coordinate his emotions and behavior. He would think of becoming an effective ruler to mitigate suffering of his people and elevate their economic and social conditions but his obsession with converting his subjects to Islam by force, by hook or crook spoiled the paramount plan of good governance. RAJ DHARM was jettisoned and persona of a Ghazi embraced instead.
FEELING OF GUILT
Tipu suffered from a sense of guilt all along. His father, Hyder Ali – an illiterate adventurer – had usurped the royal right to rule of the Hindu King of Mysore of the long standing Wodeyar dynasty and become de facto ruler. When he died of cancer in 1782, his eldest son, Tipu, became both de facto and de jure ruler of Mysore by imprisoning the real royalty. Tipu replaced every sign and symbol of the dynasty that had been ruling Mysore since the fourteenth century. He changed the Hindu names of people and places, struck coins in his own name replacing Sanskrit and Kanada with Persian and Urdu, writing letters to foreign Muslim rulers to invade Hindustan for Loot and in furtherance of the cause of Islam. Hyder Ali had ruled in the name of the Hindu King but everyone knew that he wielded the power. Tipu erased the name of the old Hindu dynasty, WODEYARS, but could not win over the hearts and minds of his people who were predominantly Hindus. This eventually cost him dearly in various military adventures of his.
It is a historical fact that Tipu had written to Zaman Shah, King of Afghanistan, to attack Hindustan for Loot and for the cause of Islam. He made sincere efforts to get military aid from the Ottoman Turk Empire but all his efforts came to naught since he was not a known personality outside Mysore or may be India. Tipu’s efforts in this direction failed to fructify as the said foreign ruler of Afghanistan had other preoccupations and affairs of Tipu’s Mysore mattered little to him. In frustration he wrote to other Arab rulers of Oman, Arabia and even to Napoleon Bonaparte but no foreign ruler came to his rescue when he needed their help most. Tipu fought his battles against the Maratha Empire, the East India Company and even his co-religionist the Nizam of Hyderabad all alone and lost almost all of them. He lost his life in the battle of Srirangpatna in 1799 fighting against overwhelming forces of the East India Company under command of Lord Wellesley. It may be relevant to mention that the same general in his later Avatar as Duke of Wellington had defeated Napoleon Bonaparte, King of France, in the decisive battle of Waterloo in 1815.
TIPU THE HINDU HATER
The possessive sense of guilt of Tipu that he had inherited a kingdom wrongfully usurped by his father was magnified by his paranoia of being similarly dispossessed by a scion of the same Hindu dynasty and Hindu subjects who did not like his style of governance smeared with blood of innocent men, women and children of territory that he had been invading in Coorg, Kerala, Karnatak rural areas and so on.
Kozhikode in Kerala had suffered most at the hands of Tipu in 1789. He boasted of having massacred many thousand Hindus there after his conquest. He wished to penetrate deep in the southern peninsular kingdom of Travancore but the brave fighters, Nair brigade and others halted his victorious march. Tipu’s master battle strategy was to catch enemy napping by his sudden swift surprise blitzkrieg. It paid him rich dividends elsewhere but not in Kodagu, former Coorg, where the freedom loving men and women waged guerilla war to keep the wily invader at bay. Tipu used the stratagem of friendship and lulled them to inaction before launching a ferocious attack killing, raping and looting the brave people of Kodagu. A large number of the 80,000 men and women of Kodagu captured by Tipu by treachery were forced to convert to Islam. Men were forcibly circumcised by Tipu’s officers as they had been doing elsewhere too.
“Tanjore abductions” will remain a permanent blot on both Hyder Ali and his son, Tipu. In 1780 – 1782, both father and son ravaged Tanjore destroying crop and cattle. Because of this massive policy of scorch earth used by the invaders, economy of Tanjore was reduced 90 percent and many poor people perished. The aftereffects of the massive burning and looting of the father-son duo was so crippling that Tanjore economy remained at sixes and sevens for over a century until boosted by the Maratha rulers. Tipu had abducted 12,000 children from Tanjore and adjoining area who never returned to their parental care. Did Tipu have a tendency to be a paedophile? More evidence needs to be collected to substantiate the charge, if any. Nevertheless the Tanjore loot and arson perpetrated by the father-son duo of Mysore caused stark deprivation and passed on into folklore as “ Hyderakalam”
MANGALORE MAYHEM
Mangalore in North Karnataka suffered immensely at the hands of Tipu. Both the Hindus and Syrian Christians were subjected to harsh treatment by Tipu, his army and civil administrators. Temples, churches were razed to ground and Hindus and Christians taken prisoners to be taken to Srirangpatna on foot for intensive brutalization until they gave up the Faith of their forefathers. Unfortunately for Tipu that was not to be. Many devout Hindus and Syrian Christians preferred to die than change faith. Swadharme Nidhanam Shreyah, Pardharmo Bhayavah – was their motto and they stuck to it. It is interesting to note that the first part of the Sanskrit saying is the motto of the Madras Regiment till today.
Besides being an anti-Hindu, Tipu was out and out anti Christian too. He had destroyed 27 churches in and around Mangalore and took away many young petit girls with him to his capital Srirangpatna. Many of the captives remained enslaved until Tipu was killed in battle defending his capital in 1799.
In fairness to Tipu it would be relevant to mention that he bestowed both monetary and land grants to some temples in his kingdom. Tipu wrote a number of letters in Kanada to the Swamiji of Sringeri Math sympathizing with him and giving liberal grants to make good for the loss caused by the plunder of the Math by some delinquent marauders of the attacking Maratha force of the Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. It was an aberration of Hindu soldiers of the Maratha legion looting a Hindu place of worship.
There was the temple of Shrirang Ji so close to the palace of Tipu in the Srirangpatna fort that he would hear both the temple bells and the Muezzin’s call for prayers from the mosque nearby. A ruler who destroyed some temples also gave grants and subsidy to other temples. Indeed a sign of the split personality of the ruler of Mysore, Tipu that he paid annual grants to 156 Hindu temples and yet destroyed some others elsewhere. He had presented a greenish LINGA to the temple located in the fort in his capital city.
Tipu had many Hindu advisors and ministers to help him carry on smooth administration and manage finances effectively. Prominent among them are Purnaya designated as Mir Asaf, Krishna Rao as Finance Minister and Sharmaiya Iyengar as a close confidant. However, his fortress commanders, governors and field army commanders were Muslims by and large.
MARATHAS MADE MYSORE KOWTOW
Tipu was dead scared of the Hindu Maratha rulers of the Confedracy. He had faced the Maratha might in many a battle and lost heart to face them further. It is a recorded fact of history that Tipu had dispatched two emissaries to Pune, capital of Maratha Confederacy and of the Peshwa. He had sued for peace by ceding a lot of his territory to the Marathas thus extending the boundary of the Maratha Empire to the banks of the Tungbhadra.
Tipu used to play diplomacy. While he bought peace with the Marathas by ceding important fertile territory of his, he simultaneously corresponded with King Zaman Shah of Afghanistan to form an Islamic Confederacy in India. Of course, he had failed on this front too.
The Maratha army under captainship of Peshwa Madhavrao had regained most of his empire lost after the disaster of the third battle of Panipat in 1761. He had decisively defeated both Hyder Ali and Tipu in battles in 1764 and 1767. It is interesting to note that the Maratha Army had occupied the fort in the capital of Tipu in Srirangpatna. A defeated and forlorn Tipu had paid a large sum of Rupees 4.8 million to the Peshwa Madhavrao’s commanders as war damages besides agreeing to pay Rupees 1.2 million as annual tribute to the Marathas.
Whenever Tipu chose to raise the banner of revolt against the Maratha rule, the Peshwa would dispatch a large and effective military force to subdue him. Once Nana Phadnavis was the commanding general of such an expeditionary force and Tipu kowtowed to the Maratha General. Thus it may be seen that the Maratha Confederacy played a major role in keeping the split personality ruler of Mysore, Tipu under check effectively.
It would be relevant to quote historian C. Hayavadan Rao on Tipu’s religious fanaticism:
“ His religious fanaticism and excesses committed in the name of religion both in Mysore and in the provinces, stand condemned for all time. His bigotry, indeed, was so great that it precluded all ideas of toleration.”
Email: sawantchitranjan@yahoo.com and vedicupvan@rediffmail.com Mobile: 9811173590.

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VEDAS ARE UNIVERSAL

AUM
VEDA AS GLOBAL HERITAGE: SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVES
By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM

It is indeed my proud privilege to speak and write on a subject that has been dearest to my heart and mind since I crossed portals of the Allahabad University, my alma mater in 1950. Born in an Arya family that had been associated with the Arya Samaj since World War I, I had heard of Vedas and remembered a few mantras by heart since early childhood. As a teenager, I studied the Satyarth Prakash, magnum opus of Swami Dayanand Saraswati and took to understanding and meditating on the Veda mantras as a duck takes to water. On joining the Arya Samaj, Katra in Allahabad, I found a world of opportunities opening to me in the realm of the Veda. I did not look back thereafter.
Allow me to say in Hindi, dealing with the import of the title of this essay given above, thus:
Veda ek shashwat parampara – vaigyanic paripekshya mein
In other words the knowledge gained from the divine revelation, Veda, is a continuous process influencing generation after generation in all nooks and corners of the globe. In my numerous travels abroad, I was pleasantly surprised to find an opening for propagation of Vedic Thought among myriad people immersed in the darkness of false beliefs, superstitions under the cloak of religion. Men and women of all ethnic and racial backgrounds were found immersed in superstitious beliefs despite their holding degrees in education from prestigious universities.
Birmingham, UK has a radio station quite popular among men and women of Indian origin now living in Great Britain. I used to recite Veda mantras and explain its import on the radio every morning around breakfast time. One elderly lady called after the broadcast and wished to see me as soon as possible. I invited her to the library of the Arya Samaj, Birminghan, my abode in UK. When she made an appearance, she was accompanied by a young woman who could pass as a teenager. The elderly lady, her mother, told the distressing tale of her newly married daughter being neglected by her husband who was enamoured of another woman, his colleague in office. I made discreet but incisive enquiry and found that the newly married couple rarely spent time together whereas the other woman had all the time in the office to enchant him.
The elderly mother begged of me to write a Veda mantra on a piece of paper and tie it in the daughter’s chunni so that under the mantra’s influence the bridegroom undergoes a transformation and becomes disenchanted with the office colleague. I advised them not to fall a prey to a superstitious belief but practise a mantra – SAMVAD. The bride and groom must spend more and more time together, have healthy sex and thus get closer to each other. Despite initial problems, the Samvad Mantra worked wonders and they started sleeping under the same roof leading to a happy ending. Moral of the story is that Veda influences one and all globally provided human beings are weaned away from false beliefs.
UNIVERSAL PRAYERS
Veda is for the entire Mankind irrespective of the region, religion, race they come from. Veda makes all men and women beneficiaries of its Gyan and the prayers enshrined therein are universal in character. Just take a look at this prayer:
Sarve Bhavantu Sukhinah, Sarve Santu Niramayah
Sarve Bhadrani Pashyantu, Ma Kashchid Dukh Bhagbhavetu

The above prayer is Universal and is chanted for one and all. There are numerous mantras that refer to universality of the Veda, inclusiveness of the Veda and Wellness mantras encompassing entire humanity. Veda is all pervasive, transcends barriers of Time and Space.
Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of the Arya Samaj and a great exponent of the Vedic Thought wrote that the Veda was revealed by the Almighty to the Rishis at the beginning of the SHRISHTI for guidance of Mankind sans discrimination of any sort. Thus the beneficiary of the Veda is entire Mankind globally. It is a Parampara or a tradition handed down from generation to generation. Man in general is the inheritor of the Veda.
Is there a gender bias in worship? No certainly not. Is ISHWAR or the Almighty a male or a female? Well, there is no such gender bias. HE is referred to as both Father and Mother. The mantra Is:
Tvam Hi Nah Pita Vaso Tvam Mata shatkrato Babhuvith
Aghate sumnimahe.
HE is both a mother and a father. As a father he provides us with wherewithal to bring us up, as a Mother, He performs myriad chores for upbringing of children – the mankind.
In the Vedic Dharma, when a VIVAH is solemnised, and the last step of the Saptpadi is taken, both the bride and the groom say in unison “We are SAKHA now –friends”. May I draw your attention to the basis of friendship – EQUALITY. Unequal fellows will never be friends.
VEDA BEYOND BHARAT
Veda is Universal. One cannot say that Veda is more popular in Germany than in India. It is a myth to say so. Max Mueller was indeed a student and a teacher of the Veda but could never travel to Bharat to meet Vaidik Vidwan here. When he was young, he had no money to defray expenses of travel and when he had earned enough money, he was too old to travel. Nevertheless Max Mueller had advised the prospective officers of the Indian Civil Service in his talks entitled “ India: What Can It teach Us” to understand and feel the soul of India through Sanskrit and the Veda. Unfortunately, being a German by birth, he could never become Head of the Department of Sanskrit and Vedic Studies in the University of Oxford. The post was reserved for an Englishman only, as some say in our land here “for the janmana Brahmin, not a Karmana one.”
Veda is indeed a global heritage and one may dwell on the scientific perspectives too, but the basic question is why it is not taken on a large scale voluntarily like one takes to Information Technology. The answer lies, perhaps, in the fact that where does a graduate of Vedic Thought get a good job with a lot of money to rake in? The post graduation employment puts a question mark. On the other hand, a graduate in Information Technology has vast openings before him or her. There is no doubt that Veda as Global Heritage has glamour but little source of sustenance. On the other hand a graduate of Information Technology has ample openings to fend for himself or herself. Of course, a serious promoter of Vedic Studies cannot but look into this aspect of our world heritage.
Scientific temper is aplenty in the Veda. To hit the nail on its head, one may say that the Veda does not believe in Miracles, leave aside promoting it. What is a miracle? A happening that breaks all laws of Nature and yet Happens is called a miracle. Veda promotes scientific knowledge and, therefore, promoting a miracle will indeed be a contradiction in thought and action. Veda may be seen in scientific perspective as it stands by Nature and its laws.
In the modern times, the Veda promotes Paryavaran or natural environment as much as it did in days of yore. A firm belief in precept and practice of Vedic Thought means that the Man gels with Nature. Mankind yearns to have the same PEACE or SHANTI that various elements of Nature possess. Let us chant the SHANTI PATH to buttress the belief that Man has a keen desire to gel with Nature.
AUM daiv shanti prithvi shanti,rapah shanti, roshadhayah shanti vanaspatyah shantih vishwedevah shanti brahm shanti sarvam shanti shantirev shanti samah shantiredhi. AUM shantih shantih shantih.
O Param Pita Parmatma! The Peace that exists in the multi spheres of the pristine Nature, let me have the same peace in my life.
Once you and I have internal Peace, peace of mind, body and soul, what else do we need thereafter!
Email: aumchitranjansawant@gmail.com Mobile: 9811173590

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PATEL PROPHET OF PEACE

VEDIC VIEW

AUM PATEL PROPHET OF PEACE By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM Hyderabad State of Nizam was on the boil. The de facto ruler of the most loyal princely state of the British Empire was a rabble rouser named Qasim Rizvi. He headed a large band of Muslim Razakars armed to teeth who were constantly on the rampage […]

via PATEL PROPHET OF PEACE — vedicupvan

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