By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM

PRAJANAN or Procreation is an inborn instinct of a living being. Humans, animals, fish, fowl and Vanaspati or Vegetation leave behind numerous living beings of their kind before they depart for good.

Right at the beginning of the Creation, Ishwar had given the Vedas to the Rishis for the guidance of human beings to lead a life of righteousness. Along with the Gyan of Life and desire to have children was the knowledge of providing stability of social order. Human beings stabilized process of procreation by formalizing the social institution of Vivah or marriage to bring in order and discipline  through sublimation of sex. The Vedic injunction against sex for pleasure by allowing copulation between lawfully wedded husband and wife at an appropriate time only to beget children continues to hold in check humans running amuck for wild sex.

Many a time varied reasons like death and disease cause separation between the husband and wife at a young age when they are childless, so what is the way out to enable the separated man or woman to fulfill the religious duty of leaving behind a son or a daughter so that the human race not only survives but prospers. Well the answer is NIYOG.


When a widow wishes to have children after the demise of her husband, she lets the social order know of her desire and selection of a male member for copulation as per Vedic Vidhan to beget a child, it is termed as Niyog. In the case of Niyog “ the widowed woman remains in the house of the deceased husband…..children born of Niyog are not called children of the begetter, nor belong to his family, nor has he any claim over the children.” This excerpt is taken from the Satyarth Prakash chapter four written by Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati in Hindi and translated into English by Pt Ganga Prasad Upadhyay.

In this context it is important to make clear the claim of the child born of Niyog on the property of the man who begot him or her. A child begotten in Niyog will continue the lineage of the deceased husband of the widow and get a share in the property of the deceased husband of the widow concerned and live in her marital home. Thus one may say that a child begotten in Niyog has no legal share in the property of the man whose sperm fertilized the egg of his mother to bring him into this world. Similarly, the begetter of the baby in Niyog will never ever lay a claim of any kind at birth or thereafter. In the eye of law, no relationship moral, spiritual or financial will exist between the begetter and the baby.


A doubting Thomas may raise a doubt about the legal validity of Niyog by pointing out the erroneous thought and labeling Noyog as adultery. Let it be understood that Niyog is not a sin nor an adulterous act. Niyog is willful and consensual act of sex between  a man and a woman with the sole intent of begetting a baby and it is done within the knowledge of the social order that the two belong to. It is not a hush-hush affair done for fun at night under the cover of darkness. The common point between a lawful marriage and a Niyog is  : Both are made known to the social order that the man and the woman belong to. Well, a question may arise: what happens if the first attempt to impregnate a woman fails? Well, there is no embargo on making a second or a third attempt. One should remember that the declared desired intention of the man and the woman concerned is to have a baby and everyone in the neighbourhood knows about it. So, Niyog is not a sin or a crime because it is not done under the cover of darkness or in secrecy. On the other hand, adultery is a nocturnal affair where sex is performed for fun away from the prying eyes of the social or moral police, what to say of the State Police.

It would be a good idea to quote from the Satyarth Prakash  what Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati wrote in reply to a question about procedure to be followed in Niyog :

     “ Just as marriage is performed by proclamation, so is NIYOG. As marriage requires sanction of the society and consent of the couple, so does Niyog. When a man and a woman want to perform Niyog, they ought to declare before men and women of their families that they want to enter into Niyog relation for the sake of issues, that they will sever their connection when the purpose of Niyog is fulfilled, that they should be counted as sinners and be penalized by the society and the State if they do otherwise, that they will meet for intercourseonly once a month and will abstain from intercourse for a year after the conception.

 ( The translation from Hindi into English is done by Pt Ganga Prasad Upadhyay, an eminent Vedic scholar and preacher par excellence)

The Rishivar, a great religious and social reformer, was determined to apprise people of Bharat and later of the world the correct concept of Vedic Dharma and encourage both the Vedic Dharmis and others to follow what the Vedas laid down. That is the only way our human race may show an improvement.The observant Swami knew what way the sinners were going and reforming them was his duty, he thought. He advocated Niyog with the same fervor as the age-old institution of marriage – the Vedic Vivah. He equated the two procedures as the way to procreate. Sexual intercourse was the only way to procreate and one should not have a sense of shame or Lajja in advocating propagation of Niyog.

In the fourth chapter of the Satyarth Prakash dwelling on Niyog, Rishivar wrote and I quote him in original Hindi :

      “ Niyam se Vivah hone se ( stree-Purush ka sambhog – bracketed words are mine) vyabhichar nahi kahata, to niyampoorvak NIYOG hone se vyabhichar nahi kahavega………Ved shastrokt Niyog mein vyabhichar, paap, lajja na manana chahiye”

A free rendering into English would run thus: If a man and a woman are married as per the laid down procedure( their cohabitation would not be called promiscuity), likewise Niyog done as per procedure would not be termed promiscuity.      Niyog performed as per Vedic and Shastriya procedure would not be termed promiscuity entailing sin and shame.

It can be safely said that the Seer of the Arya Samaj knew that the sexual instinct of human beings led them astray. The Hindu widows were at the receiving end and quite oppressed socially. Their social and economic condition would improve if they were socially permitted to beget children and have a hope in the future. Therefore, Maharishi Dayanand strongly advocated through his writings and speeches the reintroduction of Niyog in our socio-religious order.


As of now the social acceptance of Niyog in the Hindu social order is rather dismal. The forward looking socio-religious organization like the Arya Samaj, founded by Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati in 1875 in Mumbai did not spearhead the movement. In 1877 with the establishment of the Arya Samaj in Lahore, the Punjab became its citadel. However, it was rather unfortunate that the Arya stalwarfs including Pradhans of the Arya Samaj Anarkali, Lahore like Lala Saindas, Mahatma Hansraj and others were rather lukewarm to the concept of Niyog. It was socially unacceptable in the open parlance but practiced clandestinely without flying the flag of Niyog.

Like the Garbhadhan Sanskar, the Niyog too could not gain popularity as men and women devoted to the Ten Principles of the Arya Samaj were rather diffident in declaring that on a particular day or night they would be sharing the bed with the avowed aim of begetting a child. What if the effort failed and conception did not take place? The couple might become the laughing stock of the persons known and unknown. Thus performing a Havan for Garbhadhan or with the declared intention of Niyog requires a lot of social courage that they lacked. Therefore, both these SANSKARS REMAINED A THEORETICAL EXERCISE CONFINED TO THE PAGES OF THE SANSKAR VIDHI AND THE SATYARTH PRAKASH.

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Islam in china under State Control

• MoviesMuslims in China’s ‘Little Mecca’ fear eradication of Islam as authorities ban minors under 16 from religious activity, study
They have also instructed mosques to display national flags and stop sounding the call to prayer to reduce "noise pollution" in China's Linxia
Linxia: Green-domed mosques still dominate the skyline of China’s “Little Mecca”, but they have undergone a profound change €” no longer do boys flit through their stone courtyards en route to classes and prayers.
In what locals told AFP they fear is a deliberate move to eradicate Islam, the atheist ruling Communist Party has banned minors under 16 from religious activity or study in Linxia, a deeply Islamic region in western China that had offered a haven of comparative religious freedom for the ethnic Hui Muslims there. China governs Xinjiang, another majority Muslim region in its far west, with an iron fist to weed out what it calls “religious extremism” and “separatism” in the wake of deadly unrest, throwing ethnic Uighurs into shadowy re-education camps without due process for minor infractions such as owning a Koran or even growing a beard.
Now, Hui Muslims fear similar surveillance and repression. “The winds have shifted” in the past year, explained a senior imam who requested anonymity, adding: “Frankly, I’m very afraid they’re going to implement the Xinjiang model here.” Local authorities have severely curtailed the number of students over 16 officially allowed to study in each mosque and limited certification processes for new imams. They have also instructed mosques to display national flags and stop sounding the call to prayer to reduce “noise pollution”.
“They want to secularise Muslims, to cut off Islam at the roots,” the imam said, shaking with barely restrained emotion. “These days, children are not allowed to believe in religion: only in Communism and the party.” More than 1,000 boys used to attend his mid-sized mosque to study Koranic basics during summer and winter school holidays but now they are banned from even entering the premises. His classrooms are still full of huge Arabic books from Saudi Arabia. But only 20 officially registered pupils over the age of 16 are now allowed to use them.
Parents were told the ban on extra curricular Koranic study was for their children’s own good, so they could rest and focus on secular coursework. But most are utterly panicked. “We’re scared, very scared. If it goes on like this, after a generation or two, our traditions will be gone,” said Ma Lan, a 45-year-old caretaker. Inspectors checked her local mosque every few days during the last school holiday to ensure none of the 70 or so village boys were present. Their imam initially tried holding lessons in secret before sunrise but soon gave up, fearing repercussions.
Instead of studying five hours a day at the mosque, her 10-year-old son stayed home watching television. He dreams of being an imam, but his schoolteachers have encouraged him to make money and become a Communist cadre, she said. The Hui number nearly 10 million, half of the country’s Muslim population, according to 2012 government statistics. In Linxia, they have historically been well integrated with the ethnic Han majority, able to openly express their devotion and centre their lives around their faith.
But in January, local officials signed a decree €” obtained by AFP €” pledging to ensure that no individual or organisation would “support, permit, organise or guide minors towards entering mosques for Koranic study or religious activities”, or push them towards religious beliefs. Imams there were all asked to comply in writing, and just one refused, earning fury from officials and embarrassment from colleagues, who have since shunned him.
“I cannot act contrary to my beliefs. Islam requires education from cradle to grave. As soon as children are able to speak we should begin to teach them our truths,” he explained to AFP. “It feels like we are slowly moving back towards the repression of the Cultural Revolution,” a nationwide purge from 1966 until 1976 when local mosques were dismantled or turned into donkey sheds, he said.
Other imams complained authorities were issuing fewer certificates required to practise or teach and now only to graduates of state-sanctioned institutions. “For now, there are enough of us, but I fear for the future. Even if there are still students, there won’t be anyone of quality to teach them,” said one imam. Local authorities failed to answer repeated calls from AFP seeking comment but Linxia’s youth ban comes as China rolls out its newly revised Religious Affairs Regulations.
The rules have intensified punishments for unsanctioned religious activities across all faiths and regions. Beijing is targeting minors “as a way to ensure that faith traditions die out while also maintaining the government’s control over ideological affairs,” charged William Nee, China researcher at Amnesty International. Another imam said the tense situation in Xinjiang was at the root of changes in Linxia. The government believes that “religious piety fosters fanaticism, which spawns extremism, which leads to terrorist acts €” so they want to secularise us,” he explained.
Sitting under the elegant eaves of a Sufi shrine complex, a young scholar from Xinjiang explained that his family had sent him alone aged five to Linxia to study the Koran with a freedom not possible in his hometown. “Things are very different here,” he said with knitted brows. “I hope to stay.

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By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM
Am I touching the hornet’s nest and inviting the ire of a powerful segment of the society who live and die in the news world? No, not at all. I am making an endeavour to show the mirror to newshounds who generate their own newsdom, live and die in it. The rest of the society moves around it but never in it. The men and women who make journalism their bread and butter swear by what they write and publish. The rest of the human society is news hungry; they swallow whatever is given to them as the News. Thus here is a wide scope for journalists, their paymasters and media moghuls to generate and circulate what goes by the name News but is not the News. It is woven around a self-serving central point and presented to the Readers as the News but is actually Fake News.
What is the definition of the Fake News? Is there a way for a reader to distinguish between the Real News and the Fake News? In my opinion it is hard to tell where the dividing line lies. Like definition of Terror, definition of Fake News is elusive. The United Nations Organization could not let the world know what Terror actually is. So, terrorists are having a good time because they cannot be legally caught and prosecuted. Likewise, Fake journalists generate Fake News and circulate so extensively that the real news gets lost. The Media, both print and electronic, succumb to pressure of vested interests and make Fake News look like, sound like the real News and becomes acceptable to the social order in general. The vice-like grip of the Fake News on the human society is getting stronger day by day. The real News like the real Wife is pushed into a corner where it just fades away into oblivion.
What can a Reader do about it to receive and read the real News? Well, the poor old man is up against a mighty wall made of myriad objects collected by personnel of the kingdom of Untruth who resist hard against its demolition. The Upanishad vouches for triumph of Truth, SATYAMEV JAYATE NANRITAM, but the Truth lies elsewhere. The generators, circulators of the Fake News will also vouch for victory of the Truth but will work hard to demolish the domain of Truth or whatever is left of it. The poor reader goes through columns of Fake news carried by the Daily that he reads and after sometime believes in the mirage created by the empire of Fake news.
There is a unholy nexus of political power, muscle power and the media moghul that even the State is vary of taking on the might of Fake News. Many organs of the State exploit this unsavoury situation to serve their selfish interests. Ravana, Kansa and their ilk became strong by founding en empire of Untruth of which a by-product is Fake News, and made the simple society of Gopas believe that what they said had the authority of Veda Vakya. It needed a Rama and a Krishna to demolish the Fake empire founded on the Fake news.
A reader should have the capacity to think critically to distinguish between Real News and Fake News. If an article has gone overboard to praise a politician who most of citizens feel is just a dud, the said article is Fake News. Possibly it is a piece of Paid News to bolster the image of a person whose name is down in the dumps. An intelligent reader, after reading a paragraph or two would be able to make out if the said piece has been sponsored by an interested party but the editorial board has been prevailed upon to give it a place in a column of general news. In this way, a reader’s mind would not be affected and his independent judgement not vitiated.
Fake News – the phrase was much in circulation in the US media just before election of Donald Trump as the President of the United States. A section of the society, rightly or wrongly, had felt that Hillary Clinton should have been successful at the hustings. However, when the declared result was contrary to their expectation they cried their throats hoarse by blaming Fake News put out in Trump’s favour to boost his image. Of course, the Russian Federation was also mired in a controversy of publishing Fake News against Hillary Clinton to unduly influence minds of voters. The Trump camp fought tooth and nail against the Fake News lobby and finally carried the day.
Many an article was published and TV discussions were organized in USA and other parts of the English speaking world to throw light on what Fake News was. Listeners were advised to keep their eyes and ears open to separate Fake News from Real News. However, it must be mentioned that this was indeed hard nut to crack. Political Pundits too are at times led up the garden path and savour the forbidden fruit by failing to distinguish between Fake News and Real News.
Are we back to square one? What is Fake News? In my opinion, if a news item is heavily loaded in favour of an individual, a political party or a religious group, it may be safely surmised that money has changed hands in putting the piece in question in circulation in the media. It would be in the fitness of things to put into circulation another article correcting the imbalance caused by the Fake News. Pragmatically speaking, the opinion reflecting the Real News, rarely finds a place in print nor is carried by a channel in its prime time broadcast. It is also seen that if a correction is mandated to be published, it is done so unobtrusively that the aim of letting citizens know the Real News is defeated.
The war between Real News Versus Fake News is still raging. Many battles have been won, some battles were fought and lost. Nevertheless, a Mr Clean may hope for the Truth to win and falsehood to lose. The unsavoury controversy will go on and on as long as Man lives on Planet Earth. We may fire the final shot by announcing from housetops what the UPNISHAD bequeathed to us:
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Blog by Chitranjan Sawant
– By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM

India that is Bharat is the largest democracy of the world. At least the constitution of the country affirms in its preamble that India is a sovreign , secular, democratic Republic. The ground realities, however, are different. The common man or the AAM AADAMI in whose name and in whose behalf the democratic show is run is just on the periphery. He and she are ignored by the powers that be and perpetually remain ignorant about the system of governance. Consequently the poor aam aadami continues to be poor despite all the Gharibi Hatao Abhiyan launched by various political parties in power.
The political parties come to power by making use of various permutation and combination of caste and creed.

Although India is a secular country but it is just an outward show. Most of the political parties take recourse to rabid communalism to win elections and form governments. Right from the Prime Minister to the Sewa Dal swyamsewak encourage the local electorate to think and act on narrow communal lines. In Mizoram and Nagaland Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi had spoken of Christendom because the majority of voters there are Christians by faith. Even the super-secular Communist leaders in Kerala promoted Islamic communalism by carving out a Muslim majority district in Kerala and named it Mallapuram. When Mullahs talk of implementing Shariah, and issue diktats to the areas of influence, the Samajwadi party of Mulayam Singh and its young Chief Minister, Akhilesh Yadav turn a deaf ear and decline to comment on such unconstitutional activities.
– A citizen uninitiated in the complex political chakravyuh might be wondering why do political parties pamper the minority communities and ignore the majority community, that is the Hindus. The ground reality is that the Hindus are not a majority community in some States and other regions, numerically speaking. On paper the Hindus are shown as a majority community but on ground they are a minority and yet they do not receive the benefits given to the minorities all over the country. Even where the Hindus are in majority, they stand divided on caste lines and thus do not make an impact electorally. However, if and when a polarisation takes place on communal lines, the Hindu candidates gain and their political party is able to form a government too. However, on an all-India basis, the Hindu-oriented political parties are yet to make a lasting impact because in many States the non-Hindus vote together to defeat the Hindu-oriented candidate.
How one wishes that in Bharat where the Hindus form eighty percent plus of the population, the Hindus are cared for, their voice is heard and non-Hindus dare not think of passing legislation to harm their interests permanently. The answer lies in Hindus increasing their numerical strength on an all-India basis to have a say in the political set up of the country.
There are a number of factors that come in the way of Hindus increasing their numerical strength. If a Hindu male has more than one wife, his chances of siring many children brightens up. There was no problem in Hindu males having more than one living wife until the year 1955 when the Hindu Marriage Act was passed by the Parliament at the behest of some leaders who were interested in having their own sons or daughters divorced by spouses and remarry thereafter. The new law brought in the draconian law of divorce and disturbed the family harmony of the Hindus too. Even the Supreme Court has expressed its displeasure at some of the disturbing sections of the Act that brought more disharmony in the Hindu social set up than ever before.
No less a person than Dr Rajendra Prasad, the then President of India was opposed to the original bill called the Hindu Code Bill that would have damaged the fabric of the Hindu social order irreparably. Nehru, the architect of the Hindu Code Bill had to backtrack since opposition to the misconceived reform in jurisprudence was tremendous. Nevertheless, Nehru had his way in case of the Hindu Marriage Act.
A question arises; why this zeal of Nehru and his ilk for reforming the personal law of the Hindus alone. Why not reform the personal law of the Muslims whose women suffer virtual imprisonment in house and lack fresh air throughout life? Why allow four living wives to a Muslim male and not to others? Is it secularism that the Constitution vouches for? Why has the Directive Principle of the Constitution to have a Common Civil Code for all citizens of India not yet been implemented? Why are the Muslims having a legal holiday and consider themselves to be above common law? These questions go to the root cause of electoral process being exploited to come to power and favour those minority communities who ganged up to push their benefactors to power. Thus we once again go back to the question of numerical majority in the whole country to influence the results at the hustings. The Hindus may wield political influence again provided they make up their mind to vote unitedly and bring those to power who champion the cause of the Hindus.
Family Planning has also affected the Hindus adversely. After the policy to have small families was implemented, the Hindus went whole hog for it since they could realise benefits of a planned small family. However, the number of Hindus in the country kept on dwindling and hardly any economic benefits accrued to them for observing family planning both in letter and spirit. On the other hand the Roman Catholic Christians, the religion that Sonia Gandhi professes and so do her children, refused to have a planned family. They had as many children as they wished to have. No govt sanctions were imposed on them for this infringement of the govt policy. The Muslim community followed suit with a vengeance. Every Muslim male married many times and had four living wives who gave birth to countless children. The Government of India turned Nelson’s eye to this violation and no sanctions were imposed because the Congress party needed the Muslim support as their vote-bank.
Notwithstanding the political scenario being bad for the majority community, there is light at the end of the tunnel. The light shining over there beckons the Hindus and counsels them to the effect that they must strive to increase their numbers as citizens of India . To start with, the Hindus must launch an agitation to stop the influx of the Bangladeshi Muslims and to some extent Pakistani Muslims from entering into India and eventually settling down to become citizens with voting rights. The illegal immigrants are Muslims and they invariably vote for those candidates who promote illegal immigration and making States like Assam and Bengal Muslim majority entities. Thus fake citizens exercise their non-existent right to vote at the national elections and it adversely affects the interests of the Hindus. Again we go back to the need of increasing the numerical strength of the Hindus so that they are not forced by an unconstitutional government to leave their home and hearth to become refugees in their own land. Unfortunately, that situation that was once considered to be a myth became a reality in Jammu and Kashmir when almost all Hindus were forced to leave their ancestral homes in the Kashmir valley and move into shanty huts in Jammu. We must not allow that history to repeat itself in the States like Assam, Bengal, Kerala and so on. In order to avoid the Muslim domination the Hindus have to increase their numerical strength by abandoning family planning, one man-one wife law and thus becoming a numerical minority in their own homeland.
Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati had converted two Muslims to the Vedic Dharm while on a preaching mission in Dehra Dun and Lucknow. Those two gentlemen were influenced by the discourses of the Rishivar and volunteered to become Hindus. Of course, the 20th century Mathura-Agra belt saw a major activity in the realm of religion when the Muslim Malkana Rajputs, whose ancestors were forced to convert to Islam long ago by the Moghul emperor, Aurangzeb, beseeched Swami Shraddhanand Saraswati, an Arya Sanyasi of repute and founder of Gurukul Kangri, to take them in their ancestral fold of Vedic Dharm. Swami Shraddhanand did it with great enthusiasm in the presence of His Highness Maharana Mewar and Pundit Madan Mohan Malviya.
The proselytization movement that Swami Shraddhanand launched was a great success. The morale of the Hindus went sky high as their numbers swelled beyond expectations. The movement was, however, cut short when a bigoted Muslim shot Swami ji dead. The man was hanged but the Arya Samaj lost a great leader who was bold and fearless. The great ambition of Swami Ji has to be fulfilled now in the 21st century.
Of late, the Arya Samaj in India and abroad has been organising a number of International Mahasammelan of Aryas. Aryas assemblein large numbers, listen to religious discourses, are enlightened and then head for home. Thousands of rupees are collected from both the meek and the mighty and spent on board and lodging of the devotees who come from far and wide. Many an Arya who views these Mahasammelans dispassionately asks the organisers: What has the Arya Samaj gained by this colossal exercise and how many new convertees from Islam and Christianity can we boast of? The glaring doubts remain in their original form in the minds of questioners. A good Arya is encouraged to get his doubts removed but there is rarely an opportunity given in the Sammelan to do so. Young children and adolescents are conspicuous by their absence from the venue. One wonders how can the new generation or Gen X have an imprint of the Arya Samaj?
Some Aryas advocate buying TV time and doing Ved prachar there to reach a wider and more varied audience. There will be lesser hassles in organising a TV talk or question-answer session than in organising a Mahasammelan. Indeed delegates from many countries assemble and compare notes for the good of the Gen Next. The argument is quite logical but it has its flaws too. In a Sammelan, the Vedic Vidwan and the audience sit face to face, there is an eye contact and the rapport between the two goes a long way in letting Vedic principles permeate. “No computer or TV can replace a teacher or an Acharya in imparting education and letting SANSKAR set in in a disciple or a young Grihasth.”Likewise an Arya Sammelan is irreplaceable by a TV talk show.
Of course, some thinking Arya leaders have found a via media to satisfy both the schools of thought. Let an Arya Mahasammelan go on and let it be televised LIVE for the benefit of those who could not make it to the venue.
Proselytize we must. The Arya Samaj must ponder over this point and formulate a plan to launch a drive for SHUDDHI. In the first phase the Arya Samaj may concentrate on those individuals and families who crossed the Lakshman Rekha and went to the camp of our enemies and adversaries. Love Jihad had taken its toll and poaching on our young ones has been going on for some time. We must reverse that trend, here and now.
May I invoke the blessings of Ishwar, our Param Pita Parmatma for the success of the Arya Samaj in playing the Number Game with consummate skill and coming out of the arena with roaring success.

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राष्ट्र रक्षा में महर्षि दयानंद
ब्रिगेडियर चितरंजन सावंत, वी एस एम
एक समाज सुधारक संन्यासी स्वदेश सुरक्षा के बारे में चिंतन करें, और अपने विचारो को अपनी पुस्तक सत्यार्थ प्रकाश में लिपिबद्ध करें, यह बात रक्षा विशेषज्ञों के गले नहीं उतरती। किंतु दयानंद सरस्वती के विचारों को पढने के बाद संशय के बादल छटनें लगते हैं और ज्ञानरूपी सूर्य से अज्ञान का अंधेरा दूर हो जाता है।
उस महान पुस्तक का छठा समुल्लास स्वदेश सुरक्षा के सूक्तो से सैनिक और असैनिक का समान रूप से ज्ञान वर्धन करता है। यू तो यह अध्याय राज धर्म से संबंधित है किंतु हम यह कह सकते हैं कि स्वराष्ट्र सुरक्षा राष्ट्र सचालन का और राज धर्म का अभिन्न अंग है।
यह कहना उचित होगा कि स्वदेश सुरक्षा, स्वराष्ट्र के जन जन का धर्म है और इस महान दायित्व का वहन नर और नारी को समान रूप से आजीवन करना है। अपने जीवन यापन…

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राष्ट्र रक्षा में महर्षि दयानंद
ब्रिगेडियर चितरंजन सावंत, वी एस एम
एक समाज सुधारक संन्यासी स्वदेश सुरक्षा के बारे में चिंतन करें, और अपने विचारो को अपनी पुस्तक सत्यार्थ प्रकाश में लिपिबद्ध करें, यह बात रक्षा विशेषज्ञों के गले नहीं उतरती। किंतु दयानंद सरस्वती के विचारों को पढने के बाद संशय के बादल छटनें लगते हैं और ज्ञानरूपी सूर्य से अज्ञान का अंधेरा दूर हो जाता है।
उस महान पुस्तक का छठा समुल्लास स्वदेश सुरक्षा के सूक्तो से सैनिक और असैनिक का समान रूप से ज्ञान वर्धन करता है। यू तो यह अध्याय राज धर्म से संबंधित है किंतु हम यह कह सकते हैं कि स्वराष्ट्र सुरक्षा राष्ट्र सचालन का और राज धर्म का अभिन्न अंग है।
यह कहना उचित होगा कि स्वदेश सुरक्षा, स्वराष्ट्र के जन जन का धर्म है और इस महान दायित्व का वहन नर और नारी को समान रूप से आजीवन करना है। अपने जीवन यापन में हम किसी भी व्यवसाय से क्यों न जुड़े हों, व्यवसाय की खातिर राष्ट्र रक्षा के दायित्व से विमुख होना आत्म हत्या करने के समान होगा।
आम आदमी की भूमिका
इतिहास साक्षी है कि अनेक युगो में राष्ट्र रक्षा के महान कार्य में आम आदमी नें बहुत ही कम रूचि ली। मध्य युग से भारत में अंग्रेजो के शासन काल तक विदेशी आक्रमण कारी लगातार आते रहे, तत्कालीन सीमा वर्ती छोटे छोटे राजा उनसे अपने स्तर पर जूझते रहे किंतु सामान्य जन युद्ध की गतिविधियों से विरक्त रहे। वे अपना अपना व्यवसाय चलाते रहे और उन्होने सामाजिक और आर्थिक स्तर पर विदेशी सेनाओ का विरोध नहीं किया। रणभूमि में विदेशी आक्रमणकारियों से क्षत्रिय वर्ग जूझता रहा, युद्ध होते रहे किंतु किसान अपना खेत जोतता रहा, बनिया तराज़ू तोलता रहा, विद्यार्थी पुस्तक पढ़ता रहा और शिक्षक पढ़ाते रहे और केवल राजाओं के वेतन भोगी सैनिक विदेशियों के नए हथियारो का अपनी पुरानी शैली से सामना करते रहे, हारते रहे और राजा सत्ता खोता रहा।
कुछ ही घंटो के युद्ध में देश के शासन की बागडोर भारतीयों के हाथ से निकल कर विदेशियों के हाथों में जाती रही।
पृथवीराज चौहान मौहम्मद गौरी की सेनाओं की प्रतीक्षा दिल्ली के निकट तराईन के मैदान में करता रहा, उसने पंजाब की ओर आगे बढ़ कर स्थानीय लोगो के सहयोग से विदेशी आक्रमणकारी के कुछ अंगो पर घात लगाकर हमला नहीं किया। देश के अन्य राजाओं का सहयोग भी नहीं प्राप्त किया। अनेक व्यवसायों में लगे भारतवासियों को शस्त्र की शिक्षा देकर रणभूमि में नही उतारा।
कोउ नृप होय हमें का हानि – इस नीति नें विनाश कारी परिणाम हमारे सामने रख दिए। पृथवीराज चौहान की हार ने हमारे धर्म पर, संस्कृति और मनोबल पर ऐसा कुठाराघात किया कि आहत भारत को स्वस्थ होकर रणभूमि में विदेशियो से दो दो हाथ करने में कई शताब्दियां बीत गई।
स्वामी दयानंद सरस्वति ने निर्बल शरीर की नब्ज़ पर हाथ रख कर यह जाना और पहचाना कि जब तक संपूर्ण देश एकजुट होकर विदेशियों का मुकाबला नहीं करेगा तब तक हमारी हार होती रहेगी। स्वदेश सुरक्षा का भार केवल क्षत्रियों के कंधो पर नहीं रखा जा सकता। यदि ब्राह्मण केवल पूजा पाठ में तल्लीन रहेंगे, वैश्य केवल व्यवसाय के लाभांश पर ही ध्यान केंद्रित करेंगे और शत्रु को पराजित करने के लिए शूद्रो को भी शस्त्र संचालन की शिक्षा नही देंगे तो रण भूमि में पराजय अवश्य होगी।
जन जन देश का रक्षक है। जन जन सैनिक है। जन जन को शस्त्र संचालन आना चाहिए। और सभी जन नायकों को सेना नायको के समान रणनीति की शिक्षा लेनी चाहिए।
यह पहली बार ऐसा हुआ कि स्वामी दयानंद सरस्वती जैसे संन्यासी नें दुखती हुई रग को पहचाना और इस निर्बलता को सबलता में बदलने के लिए सक्रीय कदम उठाए।
शस्त्र और शास्त्र दोनो की ही शिक्षा महत्वपूर्ण है और इस पर समान रूप से बल दिया जाना चाहिए। स्वामी दयानंद ने यह स्पष्ट रूप से लिखा कि सेना नायक को बहुत ही शांत मन से, बिना क्रोध के, रणभूमि की स्थिति का आंकलन करना चाहिए और शत्रु को हराने के लिए रणनीति बनानी चाहिए।
यदि शत्रु शक्तिशाली है और हम निर्बल हैं तो हमें हमें रणभूमि से खरगोष अर्थात ससा के समान दूर जाकर उस अवसर की प्रतीक्षा करनी चाहिए जब सैन्य शक्ति का संचय कर के हम शत्रु से अधिक शक्तिशाली बन कर उस पर हमला कर सकें।
छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज ने इसी रणनीति का पालन किया और मुगलों को तथा आदिलशाही राज्यो की सेनाओं को अलग अगल पराजित किया।
पराजय से विजय
हमें कभी भी पराजय से भयभीत नहीं होना है। और अवसर की ताक में सदैव रहना चाहिए। स्वामी दयानंद ने वन्य पशु चीता का उदाहरण दिया। चीता दबे पांव आगे बढ़ता है और अवसर मिलते ही छलांग लगाकर शिकार करता है। रणभूमि में भी हमें अवसर की ताक में रहना है। अवसर का लाभ उठा कर शत्रु को पराजित कीजिए। विजय पाने के लिए मनोबल का प्रमुख स्थान है. यदि हम अपने मनोबल को धर्म के आधार पर ऊंचा उठाते रहें तो शत्रु को पराजित करने में सुविधा होगी। मनुस्मृतिं के आधार पर स्वामी दयानंद ने लिखा कि पराजित शत्रु की महिलाओं का निरदर कभी नहीं करना चाहिए और कभी भी उनका शोषण नहीं करना चाहिए। यदि पराजित शत्रु की महिलाओ और बच्चो की देखभाल हमारी विजयी सेना करती है तो हमारा मनोबल ऊंचा होता है और शत्रु हथियार डालने को तैयार रहता है।
कहते हैं कि सेना सेना पेट के बल आगे बढ़ती है अर्थात सैनिक का भरण पोषण सेना नायक और राजा भलिभांति करते हैं तो वह सेना शत्रु को पराजित करनें में सफल होती है । मनुस्मृति के अनेक श्लोको से शिक्षा लेते हुए हमें अपनी सेना को सबल बनाते रहना चाहिए और शत्रु को पराजित करने में कोई कसर नहीं छोड़नी चाहिए।

ब्रिगेडियर चिंतरंजन सावंत

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By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM
The Arya Samaj founded by Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati in 1875 in Mumbai with one hundred members on roll lays an emphasis on Havan. Havan purifies the environment, cleanses by-products of pollution that come into play because of human existence on Planet Earth. When we humans pollute the environment, it is indeed our social duty to cleanse everything around to let our fellow human beings breathe clean air and get rid of both seen and unseen pollution. Havan is indeed the medium of cleansing the environment right from Day One when Man was passed on the divine knowledge in the form of Vedas.
HAVAN is one of the Five religious obligations that an Arya Samajist is called upon to perform daily. The first two of the Five yajnas have gained more importance than the other three and, therefore, are known to just about everyone owing allegiance to the realm of the Vedas. The first one is Vedic Sandhya or the Brahm Yajna and the second one is HAVAN or the DEV YAJNA. Let us dwell on them a little bit in detail for the benefit of those Aryas who have joined the Arya Samaj in the last few years and also are the first generation Arya Samajists. Indeed it is the social duty and religious obligation of the comparatively older Arya Samajists to initiate their co-religionists into the proper form of religious obligations as laid down by no less a person than Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati himself.
With a view to defending your universal Vedic Dharma against an onslaught of Mr Ignoramous, it is essential that our Grihastha should have an adequate grounding into the Vedic Dharm .A Vedic preacher who has acquired sufficient knowledge of theory and practice of the Vedic Dharm as interpreted by Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati may consider himself adequately armed to defend and protect the tenets of the Vedic Dharm and at the same time to launch a frontal attack on the adversary so that he blows the bugle of Retreat. Thus the Vedic preacher will gain additional votaries and increase the number of followers of the Vedas who would adhere to its tenets.
One does not expect a new co-religionist to be a master of tenets of the Vedic Dharm overnight. It takes a good grounding and constant practice to gain mastery over the basics. Indeed the first and the foremost book recommended to form the Base is SATYARTH PRAKASH, a magnum opus of the founder Swami himself. That should give a good base and the other two books in the series are called the SANSKAR VIDHI and Rigvedadi Bhashya Bhumika. Of course, the last two may wait until the first one, LIGHT OF TRUTH is read time and again and the fundamentals of the Vedic Dharm are imbibed, absorbed and digested to be a part of personality forever. Indeed the Sandhya and Havan will go on simultaneously as these two never interfere but supplement self study.
Let us list the five YAJNAS that an Arya Samajist is expected to perform daily. These are: Brahma Yajna or SANDHYA and a devotee recites mantras of the Vedic prayer, Sandhya twice a day. In the wee hours of morning, just after the twilight, an Acharya or Purohit takes his Aasan on a raised platform and invites undivided attention of the congregation to performing Sandhya collectively. A devotee should withdraw from the outer world and concentrate on the inner self. Let no thoughts disturb you and on recitation of the Gayatri mantra, peace prevails all over. One recites the Ved mantras in the same order as given by the founder of the Arya Samaj. Right at the end is the Samarpan mantra written by the Maharishi himself wherein a devotee seeks the blessings of the Almighty for the fulfillment of his wishes and the four fundamentals, that is Dharm, Arth, Kama and Moksha as early as possible.
I shall be taking up Havan later and dwell on that at length as a collective form of prayer coupled with discharge of an important social commitment. The other yajnas of importance are the Pitra yajna, Atithi yajna and the Balivaishvadev yajna. Pitra refers to parents who are our progenitor and protector. Looking after them, taking care of them when they need it most is the sacred duty of children, especially the sons. The shastra says that parents are like a god, that is one who always gives something or the other. PITRA DEVO BHAV, SO SAY OUR SCRIPTURES AND ENJOINON US TO FOLLOW IT BOTH IN LETTER AND SPIRIT.
Atithi Devo Bhav – a guest is a god and must be looked after to the best of our ability and financial as well as physical capacity. If as a host, I fall deficient in one sphere or the other, our devotion to the guest must make it up elsewhere.
Balivaishvadev Yajna is observed by making offerings of the residual, ghrit and mixing it with Mishri etc to the lighted fire. Ten offerings are made while Ved mantras are recited. Bali means Havi and the offerings are made for cleansing the environment.
Maharishi Yajyavalk has described Yajna or Havan glorifying it as the most desirable deed; “Yajyo wai shreshthatamam Karma”, so says the Rishi and who dares disagree with the great saint.
There cannot be two opinions about the environment being polluted by human beings in ample measure besides what other living beings do. Since we are many notches above animals who know not how pollutants they are, we humans know and feel guilty about it. But that is not enough. Remedial actions have to be taken by us, human beings to ensure that the environment is restored to its former glory before our acts and omissions caused concern to environmentalists. They,in turn, motivated law makers to enact laws to bring culprits to book to punish them so that it became a deterrent to other polluters-to-be and they had second thoughts about pursuing their dangerous hobbies. Indeed it was through imparting education in environment culture and adopting its practical application like performing Vedic Havan on a grand scale in large numbers that purification of environment was achieved.
We should not lose sight of the fact that there are many agents of pollution and unless HAVANS are performed more frequently than what it is now, the environmentalists will be fighting a losing battle. The human beings must make a pledge that they wish to win the battle against environmental pollution for their children and children’s children to let them breathe air as fresh as ever. Havan will be a great friend of human beings in the project Pollution-Free Environment.
In this battle for achieving the goal of getting pollution-free environment,all sections of society will keep performing Havans day after day as fellow human beings without any distinction of caste, creed, colour, region or religion. May God be with us to fight the last ditch battle with Havan mantras on our lips, offerings of non-pollutants in our hands and cheerful lips and faces as old stalwarts of pollution-free environment chanting the Ved mantra,
Email: Mob. 0091-9811173590.

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By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant, VSM
Truth has been the watchword of the Aryas. Aryas are the people who lead a life as enjoined on them by Dharma. Dharma is the path of righteousness. The original source of righteousness is the holy VEDAS. Right at the beginning of the creation, God revealed the Vedas – the knowledge to the Rishis for the guidance of Man. Thus the celestial knowledge, the holy VEDAS, is for the guidance of the entire mankind. No sect, region or religion or race can monopolize it. All men and women are entitled to receive and recite, preach and practice the Ved Mantra or the contents of the Vedic hymns.
A denial of this divine right by man to man is mythical and unethical . Many a time an ignorant or ill advised coterie makes an endeavour to deprive a majority of men and women of the fruits of divine knowledge, the VEDAS, and thus gives birth to myriad of myths. Thus myths are born in ignorance, nurtured in greed and nourished in senseless and meaningless rituals. The generators and perpetrators of myths are enemies of mankind. To let the vast humanity be benefited by imbibing the knowledge of the VEDAS, the coterie which prevents the free flow of the divine knowledge must be busted. Myths created to cow down the less privileged by the over-privileged and pampered segments of the social order must be exposed.
Such a super exploder of myths was an ascetic, a sanyasi, Swami Dayanand Saraswati. It was he who gave the clarion call “Back to the VEDAS.’’ The decay that had set in was rectified to a large extent by Swami Dayanand Saraswati’s relentless campaign in propagating the Vedic way of life. He launched a two pronged attack on the decadent human society, cleanse it of moral, mental and physical ills and pave the way for our souls to attain the state of bliss, viz MOKSHA. Let us take a look at his modus operandi.
Haridwar-Rishikesh road runs almost parallel to the Ganges. The scene is set on the banks of Ganga along that road at milestone six from the famous ghat. “Hari Ki Pauri.’ The KUMBH fair of 1867 is in full swing. A tall, well built, fair and impressive sanyasi is standing below an ochre flag exhorting the flocks of believers to live by the tenets of the divine knowledge, the VEDAS. The Dev Nagri inscription on the flag cannot but attract attention. “Pakhand Khandini,’’ i.e. an exploder of myths and deceptions. The essence of the Sanyasi’s sermon on the Sand was:
(a) God is Omnipresent and is NIRAKAR i.e. imageless. He is not bound in a form. He is never born and, therefore, does not die.
(b) God is the fountainhead of all true knowledge.
(c) VEDAS are divine; prescribes the path of righteousness for man.
(d) Forsake falsehood, myths, and superstitions.
(e) Those who swindle the common man in the name of false precepts are not Dharma gurus but Bhrashta gurus and parasites on society.
The sanyasi giving discourses under the Myth-Exploder Banner, Pakhand Khandini Pataka, was none other but Swami Dayanand Saraswati. He distributed a small pamphlet “Exploding Myths,’’ free of cost. Its theme exposed the falsehood of Vishnu Bhagwat, a Puran full of falsehood, by highlighting its negative approach, its propagation of false gods thereby betraying ignorance of the Vedic way of life. People who made money by throwing the Vedic Dharma overboard and narrated cock and bull stories by inventing false gods were nothing but thugs and criminals preying on people.
Swami Dayanand Saraswati took it upon himself to cleanse the society of false gods and criminals masquerading as god men. These men and women were like cancer and jeopardized health of the society. False Gods, superstitions and false gurus not only sapped strength of society but prevented growth of scientific approach and scientific mind. He enjoined on the Arya Samaj founded by him in 1875 in Mumbai to wage war against the negative, superstitious god men and promote the theistic scientific approach of the Vedic Dharma. He and his fellow Aryas enacted 10 principles of the Arya Samaj in 1877 in Lahore to guide the common man to attain bliss, the MOKSHA.
Swami Dayanand Saraswati traveled far and wide in India to explode many a myth – these were indeed making man moribund. From Multan in the west to Calcutta in the east, from the Himalayan heights in the north to the plains of Pune in the Deccan were his preaching playgrounds. The myriad myths that he exploded and spurious institutions that he attacked, smarted under his verbal and written onslaught. The learned Swami held discussions with preachers of faiths like Christianity, Islam and converted captains and commoners, preachers and priests to his own point of view, the Vedic Thought. Among the 55-odd books and pamphlets that he wrote, the most widely read is the “Satyarth Prakash,’’ or the “Light of Truth.’’ Let us go through a few of its noble and enlightening gems of true knowledge contained in 14 enlightening chapters.
The Vedic trinity is: God; soul; and matter. In Hindi it is: Parmatma; Jeevastma; and Prakriti. The most common myth is: God comes to this world in the form of a man. The ignorant ones call it “an avatar.’’ In the Vedic trinity, God is God, there is only one God, and God has no image or idol. And, therefore, idol worship is an exercise in futility. Likewise, a Jeevatma can never become God or Parmatma. Men of weak minds elevate stronger men to Godhead. Consequently, there are god men galore even in the 21st century, notwithstanding all avenues of enlightment that are available to the modern man. Today god men, sadhus and fakirs are just fakes and frauds – out to cheat the gullible in the guise of teaching tenets of religion. Vedic mantras quoted in the Satyarth Prakash show us the path to enlightenment; teach us to be mentally robust, physically fit and militarily strong to vanquish all foes. Mind is the man. Make your mind strong through meditation, pranayam and righteousness. You will, thus, make the fake fakirs vanish in thin air. The myth of god- men making gold watches for the rich and ash for the poor in a magician style will stand exploded.
In a society where the guru cheats the shishya (disciple) and the shishya cheats the guru, both are bound to sink together. Let us not cheat each other and malign the pious bonds. Sailing in a made of stone , are they not? No way but to sink! They are indeed sunken souls and cannot be redeemed because of their bad Karmas, action based on deceit.
Let us take a close look at the falsehood perpetrated on the so called scientific societies. Can a Virgin be impregnated without mating with a man? Here is a case of normal pregnancy of a married woman whose marriage has not been consummated. She never had a chance to share the marital bed with her legal husband. There is a natural birth and the boy born thus is hailed as a son of God. Ask yourself, the enlightened ones! Isn’t it out and out a case of promiscuity being sanctified in the name of Father,Son and the Holy Ghost. Isn’t it the biggest myth in man’s mythology? Swami Dayanand Saraswati exploded this myth neat and proper in the 13th chapter of the “Light of Truth.’’
Preying on feeble minded men and women, many Muslims are masquerading as Bengali Tantrik babas in rich areas like Greater Kailash of New Delhi. These frauds are neither Bengalis, nor babas nor tantriks. Just Thugs. Here is an area where myths must be exploded. A subsidized sale of “The Light of Truth’’ will be in order. Further the Muslims all over the world should reconsider the process of slaughter of animals after reciting a verse of Koran. “Let us begin in the name of Allah, who is kind and merciful.’’ And the animal is slaughtered. It is a contradiction of terms in precept and practice and needs urgent reconsideration.
Let us, therefore, take a pledge that we will explode myths, follow the path of truth as enjoined on us by the VEDAS, as interpreted by Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati and enshrined in the Ten Principles of the Arya Samaj. Let us all, men and women strive for salvation – the MOKSHA.

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